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Spring 3.0 on Google App Engine

Posted by Idris on April 19, 2009 at 1:27 PM Comments comments (28)

-- Note: If you just want the nitty gritty without my blabbing, ignore the first paragraph --

So last week I got the inspiration to try out Google App Engine after reading about the new Java support. I searched around to find some resources on getting Spring running on App Engine, but the resources were surprisingly scarce. Google points you to their "autoshoppe" example, which is a little incomplete in terms of setup and what libraries you need. Ironically, Spring Source's post about App Engine was talking about using Groovy, not Spring. Finally I found a blog entry by Sikeh. So I got a nice Hello World up and running on Spring 2, thanks to Sikeh, but I wasn't satisfied yet. I wanted Spring 3. Spring 2 is so... 2008. So I started bringing in some Spring 3 (M2) jars, played around a little more, did some Googling, and finally got Spring 3 up and running.

Here's how you'll need to setup the directory structure:

  1. Setup a Google App Engine project (I used the Eclipse plugin)
  2. Download Spring 3.0.0.M2 (or the latest version)
  3. Copy the following jar files from Spring into the /war/WEB-INF/lib directory:
    org.springframework.beans-3.0.0.M2.jar
    org.springframework.context-3.0.0.M2.jar
    org.springframework.core-3.0.0.M2.jar
    org.springframework.expression-3.0.0.M2.jar
    org.springframework.web-3.0.0.M2.jar
    org.springframework.web.servlet-3.0.0.M2.jar
  4. Spring also depends on the following jars, which you can search for around the internet, or download from my Spring Example git repository:
    antlr-3.0.1.jar
    asm-2.1.jar
    asm-commons-2.1.jar
    commons-logging-1.1.1.jar
  5. Finally, you'll need to rename the commons-logging-1.1.1 jar to something else, like commons-logging.jar (thanks to Martin for this tip!)

Next, you'll need to configure your web.xml for Spring. In web.xml I added a catch-all mapping to my Spring dispatcher:

<servlet> <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name> <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class> <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup> </servlet> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping>

WARNING: If you use a catch-all (/*) url-pattern, the application will not work in development mode (locally), but will work on the AppEngine server. I believe this is a known bug.

For my dispatcher-servlet.xml: (also in /war/WEB-INF/)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd"> <context:component-scan base-package="example.controllers" /> <bean id="viewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver" p:prefix="/WEB-INF/views/" p:suffix=".jsp" /> </beans>

You obviously want to change the base-package to whatever package you want. I use the InternalResourceViewResolver, and put all my views in /WEB-INF/views/. Finally, here's my (uninteresting) applicationContext.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN 2.0//EN" "http://www.springframework.org/dtd/spring-beans-2.0.dtd"> <beans> </beans>

Now we're all done with setup! Just create a controller and a view. I made a simple hello.jsp view that outputs the request parameter "name". Here's the controller:

package example.controllers.hello; import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller; import org.springframework.ui.Model; import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable; import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping; @Controller public class HelloController { @RequestMapping("/hello/{name}") public String hello(@PathVariable String name, Model model) { model.addAttribute("name", name); return "hello/hello"; } }

So there you have it. Spring up and running on Google App Engine. You can see it in action at http://springexample.appspot.com/, or you can get the source at http://github.com/idris/spring-example-gae/. For now, this is all just a Hello Wold. I'll post more functionality later... Feel free to suggest topics in the comments!


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